Prabha Power

Power Transmission Cables and Conductors: Expert Guide

Power transmission is an essential aspect of any electrical distribution network, and the selection of appropriate cables and conductors is crucial for efficient and reliable energy transfer. In this blog post, we will explore different types of power transmission cables and conductors, including ACSR conductors, AAAC conductors, XLPE cables, AB cables, and the various accessories and kits associated with them. We will delve into their features, applications, and benefits, providing a comprehensive understanding of each component’s role in the transmission of electrical power.

ACSR Conductors

ACSR Conductors (Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced) are widely used in power transmission due to their high tensile strength and excellent conductivity. ACSR conductors are robust and high-capacity stranded cables commonly utilized in overhead power lines. They are constructed from galvanized steel wire with high carbon content. The key benefit of ACSR cables and conductors lies in their remarkable tensile strength, enabling them to be employed for longer spans with minimal support structures. ACSR cables and conductors find applications as bare overhead transmission lines as well as primary and secondary distribution cables. These conductors consist of a central steel core that provides mechanical strength, while the aluminium wires enhance the electrical properties.

Features of ACSR Conductors

  • High tensile strength and mechanical durability
  • Excellent conductivity
  • Resistance to corrosion and weather conditions
  • Suitable for long-distance power transmission


  • Overhead power transmission lines
  • Areas with high mechanical stress, such as coastal regions and earthquake-prone areas

AAAC Conductors:

AAAC Conductors (All Aluminum Alloy Conductor) are made of aluminium alloy wires either fabricated from a high-strength Aluminum-Magnesium-Silicon alloy.  and offer several advantages over traditional ACSR conductors.AAAC conductors serve as robust transmission cables, employed in overhead circuits demanding superior mechanical durability compared to AAC conductors and enhanced corrosion resistance compared to ACSR conductors. The primary benefit of AAAC conductors lies in their exceptional corrosion resistance, excellent strength-to-weight ratio, and heightened electrical conductivity when compared to ACSR conductors of the same diameter. These conductors have higher ampacity, better corrosion resistance, and reduced weight, making them suitable for a wide range of applications.

Features of AAAC Conductors

  • High ampacity and current-carrying capacity
  • Lightweight and easier installation
  • Improved corrosion resistance
  • Lower power losses


  • Overhead power lines in urban and rural areas
  • Coastal regions with high humidity and corrosive environment

XLPE Cables

XLPE Cables (Cross-Linked Polyethylene) are widely used in power transmission and distribution systems. They feature a solid or stranded copper or aluminium conductor insulated with cross-linked polyethylene, offering superior electrical and mechanical properties.XLPE cables are thermoplastic tubes fabricated from polyethylene material. These cables have gained prominence as an ideal choice for submerged working environments due to their excellent waterproof properties. They exhibit high resistance to chemicals and possess remarkable moisture resistance capabilities. Additionally, their exceptional thermal insulation characteristics render them suitable for application in conditions involving high voltage and temperature.

Features of XLPE Cables
  • Excellent electrical insulation properties
  • Resistance to high temperatures and overloads
  • Low dielectric loss and high insulation resistance
  • Flexibility and ease of installation
  • Underground power distribution systems
  • Industrial power networks
  • Submarine cables for inter-island or intercontinental power transmission

AB Cables

AB (Aerial Bundle) cables, also known as overhead insulated cables, consist of multiple insulated conductors bundled together. They are also known as aerial bundled conductors, represent a groundbreaking innovation in overhead power distribution. These power transmission cables incorporate multiple insulated phase conductors tightly bundled together, typically accompanied by a bare neutral conductor. AB cables offer a convenient solution for installation in densely populated areas with limited space between buildings, where the use of bare conductors is often impractical or unfeasible. These cables provide an efficient and safe solution for overhead power distribution.
Features of AB Cables
  • Improved safety with insulated conductors
  • Resistance to environmental factors like UV radiation and moisture
  • Lower chances of electrical faults and outages
  • Simplified installation process
  • Urban and rural power distribution networks
  • Areas with limited space for overhead lines
  • Street lighting and residential connections

AB Cable Accessories

AB cable accessories complement the AB cables, ensuring proper installation and functionality. These accessories include piercing connectors, lugs, jointing kits, and cable kits.

Piercing Connectors:
  • Allow tap connections on live AB cables without cutting or stripping
  • Easy installation and high mechanical strength
  • Suitable for low and medium-voltage applications
  • Connect cables to electrical equipment or distribution boards
  • Provide a reliable and secure electrical connection
  • Available in various sizes and materials for different applications
Jointing Kits:
  • Enable splicing or jointing of AB cables
  • Ensure a strong and durable connection
  • Resistant to environmental factors and mechanical stress
Cable Kits:
  • Include essential tools and components for cable installation and maintenance
  • Ensure proper cable termination and insulation


Understanding the different types of power transmission cables and conductors, along with their associated accessories, is crucial for designing efficient electrical distribution networks. ACSR conductors, AAAC conductors, XLPE cables, AB cables, and the various accessories discussed in this blog post offer distinct features and applications, catering to diverse transmission requirements. By choosing the appropriate cables and conductors, power transmission systems can achieve enhanced efficiency, reliability, and safety.